The “Golden Tomb” 3.2 thousand years ago was discovered with the participation of Polish scientists

The tomb of two people, possibly a married couple – a man and a woman, in which fragments of three gold necklaces were discovered, has been discovered in Metsamor in Armenia by a team of Polish-Armenian archaeologists. It comes from the times when Ramses II ruled Egypt.

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Metsamor is one of the most famous archaeological sites in Armenia It is located tens of kilometers west of Yerevan.

It was a box grave. This means that the two skeletons were found in chambers sunken into the ground and surrounded by large stones. The researchers also found the remains of a wooden burial bed.

skeletal condition

Archaeologists describe that the bones were in good condition. Both skeletons have slightly shrunken legs. Preliminary estimates are that the couple died between the ages of 30-40.

Their deaths are a mystery to usWe don’t know why, but everything indicates that They died simultaneously, because there are no traces of the reopening of the tomb – The head of the research, Prof. Dr. Krzysztof Jakubiak of the Faculty of Archeology, University of Warsaw. It is a joint project of the Center for Mediterranean Archeology of the University of Warsaw and the Department of Archeology and National Heritage Protection of Armenia. On the Armenian side, the project is headed by prof. Piliposian Ashot.

a. Jacobiak thinks so It is a unique find, because the tomb was not stolen and is richly furnished.

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The tomb is dated to the late Late Bronze Age (1300-1200 BC). Around this time, the famous pharaoh Ramesses II the Great ruled in Egypt. Inside the tomb, archaeologists found more than a hundred gold beads and necklaces. Some of them look a bit like Celtic crosses. There were also dozens of carnelian pendants.

“Maybe all of these elements are made up of three necklaces,” the professor thought. Yaaqoub.

The tomb also contained a dozen or so complete earthenware vessels and a unique earthenware flask. However, it is not of domestic production. It was brought from the border between Syria and Mesopotamia, as determined by scientists.


a. So far about 100 graves have been examined in the huge cemetery, which is probably about 100 hectares in size, Jakubik said. But only a few did not loot.

According to scholars, the graves in this necropolis were in the form of burial mounds – stone boxes were covered with a large amount of earth. However, no trace of the dams has survived to our time.

Archaeologists do not know who lived at that time – in the second half of the second millennium – in Metsamor. The people who inhabited the large fortified settlement there were not literate, so they left no texts. This makes it difficult for scientists to identify it.

But it was a great compromise. Even fortifications made of huge stone blocks have survived to our time, surrounding the so-called fortress. At the end of the second millennium B.C., there was no settlement in the area comparable in arrangement and size – A.D. believes Yaaqoub.

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The freak

Metsamor is an archaeological site protected by the status of an archaeological reserve. Excavations have been carried out in its area since 1965.

In its heyday from the 4th to the 2nd millennium BC, the settlement occupied more than 10 hectares and was surrounded by cyclopean walls (constructed from identical large stones – ed.). During the Early Iron Age from the 11th to the 9th centuries, Metsamor grew to nearly 100 hectares. The central part in the form of a fortress was surrounded by temple complexes with seven sanctuaries.

At that time, it was one of the most important cultural and political centers in the Araks Valley. The place was continuously inhabited until the seventeenth century.

From the eighth century BC, Metsamor was part of the kingdom of Urarat – the biblical kingdom of Ararat. The conquest was made by King Argashti I. And during his reign, the borders of the state expanded to the Caucasus, to the present-day Yerevan region. Polish archaeologists discovered damage from this period in previous years.

The last research season took place in September-October 2022. Poles have been excavating Metsamor since 2013 under an agreement with the Institute of Archeology of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia and the Ministry of Culture of Armenia.

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