SAGIA experts pointed out that in 2022, the value of foreign direct investment in the world decreased by 12 percent. y / o They pointed out that “most countries witnessed a decrease in the flow of investments, but the largest amount of it – even the withdrawal of capital – occurred in Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Russia,” referring to the “World Investment Report 2023” issued by UNCTAD.
The study indicates that Poland’s share in the global foreign direct investment flow amounted to 2.3%. (Up 0.3 percentage points year on year). “With the result of USD 29.5 billion in inward investments (0.4 percent decrease year on year), Poland ranks 14th in the world and 4th in Europe” – it is emphasized. I would add that the value of foreign direct investment coming into our country in 2022 amounted to more than 4 percent. gross domestic product. “However, Polish companies still do not invest abroad. Polish foreign direct investment amounted to only $2 billion, which gave Poland the 42nd position in the investor ranking,” it was reported.
China recorded record FDI inflows in 2022 – 189 billion US dollars. The continent with the largest increase in investment is South America (up over 70%, to US$160 billion). Declines have been recorded in North America, Europe and Africa. “In the case of Europe, it depends only on the withdrawal of capital from Luxembourg – in 2022, 322 billion US dollars flowed from there. Without this fact, Europe and the entire group of developed countries would have recorded an increase in FDI inflow compared to 2021.” – Reported in the latest issue of Economic Weekly BIE.
The value of direct investment flows in the world (billion US dollars)
Compared to the record-breaking 2021, Africa has lost nearly half of its investment flows. “It is of particular concern that the least developed countries experienced a 16 per cent drop in inflows.” PIE analysts said.
They noted that in developed countries, as confirmed by UNCTAD, there is a concentration of investments in low-carbon technologies. “In developing countries, obtaining financing for such projects is problematic, as evidenced by data on a slight increase in this type of investment,” they added. The estimated investment shortfall required to achieve the SDGs “nearly doubled between 2015 and 2022 to $4 trillion.”
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According to experts, the surplus of new projects in developed countries compared to developing countries has remained, although it has decreased to 66 billion US dollars. “Compared to 2021, the surplus has decreased significantly, but the increase in investment in new economic projects in developed countries is still high and amounted to 37 percent, amounting to $639 billion.” – Delivered.
“Developing countries are recovering from the losses of the pandemic and have seen investment inflows into new fields increase by 110% to $573 billion.” – summary.
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