Measles dries up quickly. Precipitation can help, but not torrential rains and short-lived, as during storms, and such predictions do not appear. A comprehensive analysis of the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management showed a map showing the extent of the deterioration of the hydrological situation in the country. Data made available by Świat Woda’s blog on the map shows that calls to reduce water use have appeared in nearly 250 municipalities in Poland.
It’s bad, and if it doesn’t start to rain, it’s even worse. The water level in the oder is alarmingly low. Regional Water Management Council in Wroclaw A water drought has been declared. This means that there may be a problem with access to groundwater.
This is very bad news – not only for agriculture, but also for the environment. In Lower Silesia, 14 places of hydrological drought were found. True, the situation may change throughout the day, and the water level may rise by several tens of centimeters with relatively heavy rains. stormsBut all the stock falling within one phenomenon is not absorbed by the soil.
– Hydrological drought consists in the lack of precipitation and the land becomes so dry that later, even if it rains, the land is not able to accept this water and immediately flows into streams and rivers and there may be local flooding – said Marius Przybylsky, Regional Director of the Water Management Board in Wroclaw.
“We need rain”
– In order to improve the situation, we really need rain. It is indeed expected, but unfortunately thunderstorms, that is, a point of rain, are often very severe, causing floods in rivers, but very fast and temporary. Often in the southern part of the country, after heavy rains, the water level has returned to very low values after 12 hours. It can be said that even in the same condition as it was before the rains. Often, such precipitation causes more damage, due to floods, floods and communication problems. A spokesman for the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, Grzegorz Walijewski, said that there are no such pleasant rains in the forecast for the coming days, which will last for several days and significantly improve the hydrological situation.
The high temperature does its job as well. We recently experienced a heat wave reaching 37°C.
42 years of drought
Drought is currently occurring in 1689 municipalities in Poland, i.e. 68%. In contrast, the percentage of land covered by drought is 26 percent – said Prof. Andrzej Doroszewski of the Institute of Soil Science and Plant Agriculture in Bulawi.
An expert from IUNG reported on Monday on the radio LublinThat data from 1961 shows that there has been no drought in just four years. – Since 1981 it has been happening every year, so we have 42 years with drought – to some extent, but it is – emphasized the professor. Doroszewski.
As he added, drought is more common in the Szczecin Lowlands, Great Poland, Mazowsze and Podlasie. He stated that the worst droughts this year were in Lubuskie, Dolnośląskie, Zachodniopomorskie, Wielkopolskie and Pomorskie counties, as well as in Voivodeship. Lublin.
In the agricultural drought monitoring system, we define it by the water-climatic balance. He explained that precipitation is very important, but it is also affected by other meteorological factors, such as temperature, sunlight, wind, and air humidity.
He also explained that this year’s drought was affected, among other things, by intense insolation observed in spring, strong winds in April and May, as well as low air humidity in March and May. He stressed that the temperature in June was very high and rainfall was low. – This deficit is increasing all the time. Now it is more than 100 ml – Doroszewski’s additive.
He recalled that the last droughts were recorded in Poland in 2006, 2015, 2018 and 2019. Then drought occurred in the area of 80-90% of the municipalities. So far, the expert has described this year’s drought as moderate.
IMGW Alerts – Hydrological Drought
Hydrological drought mainly affects Lubush LandAnd the Lower Silesia And the West Pomerania. Very low water levels have also been recorded in some district watersheds Greater Poland. It is also dangerous in the north of the province. Podkarpaki And in the east Foyev. Lublin. Drought can also be felt in some areas of the province. SilesiaAnd the Lesser Poland or Masovian.
Appeals to reduce water consumption in nearly 250 municipalities
There were nearly 250 venues across the country on Monday calling for water consumption to be reduced. For comparison, this figure on Friday barely exceeded 200. There is practically no province where such an order would not be issued.
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