Researchers from the University of Michigan (USA) came to these conclusions by analyzing data collected from 51 Pima Indians who suffered from type 2 diabetes. The average age of the subjects was just over 48 years. In this ethnic group, type 2 diabetes occurs earlier and is more common than in other populations. Up to 50% of Pima Indians suffer from this disease before the age of fifty.
Diabetes causes changes in the brain
The study was based on use Magnetic Resonance (MRI) to analyze structural and functional changes in the brains of test subjects. Memory and language tests developed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the US, known as the NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery test suite, were also used. Data on other metabolic disorders and obesity in the study subjects was also collected.
By analyzing brain images, the researchers noticed that the patients lasted longer Type 2 diabetes thickness of the cerebral cortex were reduced compared to healthy subjects. Similar changes were observed in white matter volume. In addition, the greater the magnitude of the changes of extreme severity in magnetic resonance images in the white matter, which is associated with its damage.
Scientists believe that structural changes in the brains of people with ADHD Type 2 diabetes Confirm the negative impact of this disease on long-term brain health. For this reason, it is important to take preventive measures that can delay the progression of the disease or prevent it.
Diabetes side effects
The results of additional tests showed that the cognitive abilities of people with Type 2 diabetes They did not differ significantly from their peers without the disease.
Although we did not find cognitive decline in the NIH Toolbox tests, that may not be the whole story. The fact that we recorded negative changes in the patients’ brains provides evidence of the need for early screening for cognitive impairment in patients with type 2 diabetes to improve their care and quality of life.
The study also showed that Complications associated with diabetesChronic kidney disease, diabetic neuropathy, and vascular damage are also linked With structural changes in the brain. This confirms previous observations by the same research team that indicated an increased frequency of cognitive decline in people between the ages of 40-60. Suffering from complications of diabetes.
The co-author of the study, Dr. Eva Feldman, said that the results obtained by the team of scientists provide the basis for more long-term research that will help understand how to care for people with diabetes. Your brain health.
Source: Niezalezna.pl, PAP, onlinelibrary.wiley.com
#diabetes. #brain changes
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