Solar Orbiter has found the causes of the solar wind.  Important probe discovery

Solar Orbiter is a solar probe, a joint project of the European Space Agency and NASA. The ship has been in space for several years and was created to study the star of the solar system in more detail. The probe has so far achieved many successes, and now it has made another very important discovery.

The data collected by Solar Orbiter using the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) — an array of remote sensing telescopes — turned out to be very valuable. Scientists have found it Small jets of matter shoot out from the sun’s outer atmosphere. The process takes from 20 to 100 seconds, during which particles are thrown at speeds of up to 100 kilometers per second. Why is this discovery so important?

Scientists say that such small jets generated by our star exist Direct influence on the solar wind that drives it. This phenomenon is caused by plasma expanding outward from the outermost part of the sun’s atmosphere, the corona.

“It was only through unprecedented high-resolution images from EUI that we were able to detect these tiny jets,” said Lakshmi Pradeep Chetta, lead author of the discovery paper.

The solar wind can reach incredible speeds. As it passes through the solar system, it is accelerated to Up to over a million miles an hour. As it collides with the Earth’s atmosphere, it creates very amazing scenes in the form of aurora. A side effect is interference with communications and GPS systems or the operation of power grids.

The Solar Orbiter probe was launched into space in February 2020. The ship weighs 1,800 kilograms, about 10 percent of which is water. It belongs to the same heat shield, which protects sensitive gadgets from the effects of high temperatures. The ship has an eg. would allow a better understanding of the sun’s poles and would cost hundreds of millions of dollars. The European Space Agency has allocated the largest amount for this project at US$877 million. It is worth noting that Solar Orbiter also has side missions, including: flights over Venus.

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