February 3, 2023

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Will this be the largest human bombardment of an asteroid in history?

Asteroid 2010 XC15 is scheduled to fly over Earth on December 27th, although it won’t hit our planet, humanity wants to hit it – Radio Pulse. Scientists from NASA and the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) want to explore the space object and test their capabilities in the potential fight against the asteroid Apophis.

Apophis is a potentially dangerous asteroid for us, which in 2029 will approach the blue planet at a distance 10 times closer than the moon. Scientists on a new project want to use the grid HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Search) to emit 9.6MHz radio waves.

According to scientists Low-frequency waves can tell us what’s inside the asteroid. 2010 XC15 is from the Athena group (which are near-Earth asteroids found within Earth’s orbit) and has a diameter of about 200 meters. They are also classified as potentially dangerous objects. HAARP, on the other hand, is a private research program funded by the United States government. Research in this program focuses on ionospheric analysis. HAARP will be used to study an asteroid for the first time.

To study asteroids, scientists shoot radio waves at them, thus obtaining data on them The path, shape, or surface structure. Radio waves with frequency ranges in the S band (2000 to 4000 MHz) or the X band (8000 to 12000 MHz) are used here.

It should be noted that astronomers in the 2010 XC15 study will want to use much higher wavelengths. lower frequency (9.6MHz) because they want to look inside the asteroid. Data can about what lies inside the cosmic body Show relevant details of possible damagesthat could be caused by an asteroid. In addition, this information can help scientists develop an effective countermeasures strategy.

“What’s new and what we’re trying to do is explore the interiors of asteroids using long-wave radars and radio telescopes from Earth,” said Mark Heinz of NASA. “The longer wavelengths can penetrate inside the object. If you know the weight distribution, you can do that.” The collider will be more efficientBecause you will know where the asteroid hit.

Today, December 27th, the distance between the 2010 XC15 and Earth will be about twice the distance between Earth and the Moon. The firing pulse will be repeated every two seconds. This approach can also be used for Apophis analysis. Planetary Society stated:Apophis could cause severe damage up to several hundred kilometers from the point of impact. The energy released would be equivalent to more than 1,000 megatons of TNT, or dozens or even hundreds of nuclear weapons. Planetary Defense Mechanism.

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