Eurostat (European Statistical Office) published the latest unemployment data for EU countries on Thursday. It follows from them In December 2023, the average unemployment rate was 5.9%. Countries using the euro fare worse, with an average of 6.4%. In both cases, the indicators remained unchanged compared to November.
In many countries we have seen a seasonal increase in the number of unemployed people. Interestingly, it was different in Poland. Eurostat estimated the unemployment rate in our country at 2.7%. Compared to 2.8 percent recorded a month ago. 3,000 people lost their jobs. The unemployed, who totaled 476,000 in December.
This is a big surprise, because about a week ago Polish statisticians announced an increase in the unemployment rate from 5 to 5.1%. Then the letter said so The number of unemployed people registered in labor offices increased by about 15,000 people. – To more than 788 thousand
How can unemployment decrease in some streams in Poland and increase in others? It is a methodological issue. Higher numbers appear in labor office records. The smaller Eurostat, which defines unemployment as people actively looking for a job but having problems finding one. Therefore, it excludes a large group of people who are registered as unemployed but are not actually interested in obtaining paid work.
In Eurostat data, Poland stands out very favorably. Only Malta has a lower unemployment rate (2.4%). For a long time, the Czech Republic also performed better than us, but in the latest statistics, the situation in the labor market of our southern neighbors has deteriorated significantly – the unemployment rate jumped from 2.5 to 2.8 percent in one month, reflecting a rise in the number of unemployed from 129,000. Up to 143 thousand
For example, Germany has higher unemployment rates (3.1%). The rate is more than double in France (7.3%), and Spain still has double-digit values (11.7%).
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