Draconids 2023. The first meteor shower in October

despite of Perseid They are the most popular every year, and it is also worth paying attention to the lesser-known but equally interesting Draconids. This is the annual meteor shower that can be seen in the sky From 6 to 10 OctoberHowever, it reaches its maximum October 8.

It should be noted that this is not the only meteor shower that we can see in October. They began their activity on October 2 OrionidaeWhich will stay with us until next month, while it reaches a maximum around it October 21. Orionids are associated with Halley’s Comet.

Draconids, also called Giacobinids, are a meteor shower with radiant GDraco constellation. A radiant is a point on the celestial sphere from which the paths of meteors belonging to a single shower appear to diverge. Draconids show continuous activity every year in the fall.

Scientists have identified it as the remains of comet 21P/Giacobini-Zenner, which was discovered in… 1900 by Michele GiacobiniAnd secondly In 1913 by Ernst Zenner. The activity of the swarm increases as the comet approaches the sun. In 1933, on the night of October 9-10, they were so active that they were almost indecisive 350 meteors per minute.

Astronomers initially suspected that the dragons were experiencing increased activity Thirteen-year cycleBecause in 1946 several hundred of them fell per minute again. However, observations made in 1959 did not produce the same results, so this theory was abandoned.

This year does not herald any unusual activity for the swarm, but given the fact that it appears irregularly, anything can be expected. We will be able to observe an average of 10 to 20 meteors per hour. However, let’s not look at the top, but Around the horizonroughly halfway up the dome of the sky, because that’s where most of them should be.

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