The US Department of Energy has approved the construction of PIP-II as part of an expansion of the accelerator complex located at Fermilab, a US center for particle and high-energy physics near Chicago. Once complete, it will be the world’s most powerful source of high-energy neutrinos. Poland is participating in the project, among other things.
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The Mine of Knowledge website indicates that the PIP-II will be the first particle accelerator in the USA, the construction of which will be greatly contributed by international partners from Poland, France, India, Italy and Great Britain. The device will be able to generate proton beams with a power exceeding 1 megawatt.
It’s about 60 percent. More than Fermilab’s current capabilities. These properties can be used for different types of physics experiments.
Fermilab reports that one of the most important missions of PIP-II will be to provide neutrinos for the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE).
Accelerators have been the driving force behind experiments that have led to important breakthroughs in physics over the past 50 years. The official start of the construction of PIP-II means that We are one step closer to expanding our facilities and supporting scientific discovery over the next 50 years says Nigel Lockyer, former Fermilab director.
The PIP-II project will create a unique, robust and flexible first section, using the latest advances in superconductivity and high-power radio systems, Artificial intelligence and machine learning. The whole is to allow quick automatic adjustment of package parameters for specific experiment requirements with minimal human involvement.
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PIP-II will be completed in the second half of this decade. Work on some of its elements has already come to an end. This is the case, for example, with a building containing refrigerated elements.
This part of PIP-II is a major contribution from India’s Ministry of Atomic Energy. And at the PIP-II Injector Test Facility, two refrigerant units were successfully tested.
“This demonstrates that Fermilab will become a world leader in the use of neutrino research accelerators, and PIP-II will be a significant contribution to this success,” said Harriet King of the US Department of Energy.
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