Not everyone knows why we are on the border with Russia and where Kaliningrad came from

The article originally appeared on Onet on April 29, 2022

Originally, there was a Prussian settlement in this named place TuwangsteIn 1255 the Teutonic Knights captured the settlement and built a castle, which they named Regiomontium. It was a Latin name meaning “royal mountain”, and it was given in honor of the Czech king Primyslaus Ottokar II, who at that time was at the head of the Teutonic army that invaded Prussia. The German name Königsberg is also derived from the Latin name – and Polish – Królewiec.

The city was annexed to the Teutonic state and made the capital of the diocese of Sambia. In 1273, the Teutonic Order invaded Prussia and began the expansion of Königsberg, in order to make it the seat of the Grand Marshal of the Order in 1312.

In 1454, some Prussian towns and states renounced their allegiance to the Teutonic Knights, and King Kazimierz Jagielluzek IV created the County of Königsberg and incorporated it into Poland. In 1455, the Teutonic Knights retook these areas and the county ceased to exist. In the years 1466 – 1525 the city was the capital of Teutonic Prussia, after the signing of the Second Peace of Torun, which was dependent on the crown of the Kingdom of Poland. In 1525 Königsberg became the capital of Ducal Prussia, which was a vassal of the Polish crown.

Until 1657, Königsberg was part of Poland, Polish printing flourished there, next to Krakow and Wroclaw, and a Protestant academy was built. In 1662, the Brandenburgers entered the city with an army and were forced to swear allegiance. In 1674, attempts to return to Polish rule were halted.

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