Volcanic electronics to save the planet.  Scientists have replaced the chemicals with water

An innovative way to produce PANI. This is amazing Volcanic Electronics He has a chance to reduce the impact of technology on Earth

PANI is a commonly used conductive polymer in electronics, with many applications in electronics and beyond. Through its use antistatic coatings, electromagnetic interference shielding foils, anti-corrosion coatings, transparent connectors, sensors, electrical devices, fuel cells and active electronic components are created. PANI can also be used to create nanocomposites when combined with metals, metal oxides, and carbon nanomaterials that enhance their properties and performance in electrochemical applications.

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Usually, the production of PANI involves the use of toxic solvents that have nothing to do with ecological production, and thus harm the environment and are not compatible with ecological production. However, scientists have found that volcanic spring water contains enough acids and oxidants to convert aniline to PANI, which doesn’t even require sophisticated manufacturing methods. All you have to do is mix the necessary ingredients at 0°C and leave it overnight, which on paper seems like a revolutionary idea.

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inside your the exams Scientists have shown that sulfates and the high amount of metal ions in volcanic spring water are a suitable combination for polymerization. After creating nanoparticles of PANI and a composite combining this polymer and silk, they increased the conductivity of PANI and examined whether it was due to the admixture of additional materials. This was not the case, and so they were able to make a breakthrough in the environmental production of electronics.

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The researchers confirmed their success by creating both the aforementioned PANI/silk composite, which can conduct electricity, and PANI-impregnated filter paper, which can remove iodine from water. The method of producing PANI itself does not require the use of volcanic water, because there is simply no volcanic water in some places in the world, but scientists have confirmed that it is also possible to use water from any source as a solvent for synthesis. PANI by adjusting the mineral concentration, pH and sulfate. However, nothing is known about the commercialization and introduction of this technology into mass production.

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