Trench Spit Vistula and what's next?  These are giant investments that will change Poland: new ports in Gdask and Gdynia, the A2 motorway, Via Karpatia, the Małaszewicze transshipment area, CPK, high-speed railway

A little more than a month ago, on September 17, representatives of state authorities – including President Andrzej Duda and Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki – Officially opened the channel on Vistula Spit. However, Przekop is only the first of the three phases of this huge investment, which in total will consume about 2 billion PLN.

At the opening, the Prime Minister said that This type of investment It opens up new possibilities and opportunities not only for reporting, but “in fact for tens of kilometers from the Polish coast”. Subsequent construction aimed at improving the Tri-City ports, which – as the coal and food crisis showed – required huge expenditures.

New port in Gdansk and Gdynia

Investments are underway in Polish ports The total value is about 20 billion PLN. He goes, among other things, to rebuild the access infrastructure (railroads, roads) in the port of Gdynia or to expand the docks. However, more is needed.

Marek Grobarchik, the deputy infrastructure minister in charge of the maritime economy, said in May in the House of Representatives that the war in Ukraine means major investments in Pomerania “must accelerate.” He mentioned, among others, the construction of the central port in Gdask and the outer port in Gdynia.

“Central Port is a project for mooring the basin and building berths (artificial peninsula – liberated) in the deep-water part of the port on an area of ​​about 410 hectares. As part of this project, it is planned to build several terminals, including container, ro-ro, chemical, gas liquefied natural, grain, as well as passenger and cruise lines ”- writes the port of Gdansk.

He adds that thanks to the investment, the port of Gdansk has a chance to become a multimodal transport node, It acts as a hub in the Baltic region and a distribution and logistics center for Central and Eastern Europe. The estimated cost a few years ago is 12 billion PLN. In 2019, the first plant was expected to start operating in 2029. However, the funds for this investment must first be found.

New outer port in Gdynia

The outer port of Gdynia, the implementation of which must also be accelerated – according to Gróbarczyk – is a project that includes the construction of a new wharf, constituting an extension of the coal port wharf, with a new railway and road link.

“The deep water container terminal will be located on the quay – constituting the main function of the new port areas, with a production capacity of 2.5 million TEUs (approximately 39 cubic meters container – liberated) annually, Which is equivalent to about 25 million tons– Reports the port of Gdynia.

Industry website Inż reports that the outer port will serve container ships over 400m in length and drafts of up to 16m. These are the largest units that can affect the Baltic Sea.

A huge investment in Gdynia is closer to implementation than an investment in Gdansk. At the end of 2021, the investor received the so-called environmental decision, and surveys of the sea floor began in May. The initial value of the investment is 4 billion PLN. The port is scheduled to receive the first ships in 2027. The facility is expected to generate PLN 22 million in revenue annually to the city budget.

The rest of the article is below the video

See also: Isn’t it enough to bring coal to Poland? ‘Maybe it’s too late’

Via Carpatia and the A2 motorway east of Warsaw

The war in Ukraine also increased the importance of major road investments in the east of the country. First of all, it is about completing the Polish section of the Via Carpatia international road. You will be contacted when finished Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Croatia and Turkey.

Our VC’s are the S61, S16 and S19 highways. Several spells are in progress or in preparation. Most of them are scheduled to be ready by 2027. Including a two-kilometer tunnel under Mount Kamenik, which will be an element of the S19 Rzeszów Południe – Babica road. The construction cost of this 10-kilometre section is 2.2 billion PLN.

On Monday (October 17), GDDKiA announced that The next stage of transmission of the tunnel boring machine (TBM) has begun, which will carry the tunnel.

The larger parts of the machine, i.e. the main engine and cutting disc, were already loaded on barges (three barges and 2 pontoons). The next stop is the port in Opole. Other TBM elements are moved at the same time. 40 transmissions (tractor plus platform) have already left Szczecin, the following parts of the machine are coming directly from Spain ”- reported the General Directorate of National Roads and Highways.

The Carpathia road will eventually intersect with the A2 motorway. This, however, should also extend to the border with Belarus. The part from Kałuszyn (Mazowieckie Voivodeship) to Cicibor (Lubelskie Voivodeship) will be built by 2024. The final section of the state border, which is 32 km long, according to the plans of the Ministry of Infrastructure, will be ready in 2028.

Małaszewicze, or “gateway” to the New Silk Road

Another giant investment was also planned on the Polish-Belarusian border – Expansion of the railway port of MałaszewiczeIt is the main Polish “gateway” to the new Silk Road linking Europe with China. It should be noted that it is also one of the important transshipment areas for NJS in the European Union.

The huge investment was initially estimated at 4 billion PLN. However, Cargotor, which operates the dry port in Małaszewicze, has not received EU funding for this project. As a result, everything must be financed by the state.

The project envisages, inter alia, the modernization of the track and road system as well as the control system. Currently, Małaszewicze can handle about 17 pairs of trains per day. After the expansion, this number is expected to rise to 55 pairs. Furthermore, Cargotor informs that the investment will allow it Take trains over 1 km long In the wide gauge system (rail spacing: 1520 mm) and 750 m in the standard gauge system (measure: 1435 mm). The speed limit for trains will also be increased from 20 km/h to 40 km/h.

However, the project already big delay. Construction was supposed to start before the coronavirus pandemic, but it caught on 11 slip month At the stage of preparing a feasibility study for the expansion of a dry port railway.

Cargotor is currently waiting for offers from companies that may be interested in making giant investments. The company announced the measures during the summer vacation. But the deadline for bids has been pushed back first from August to the end of September, then to October 31, and most recently to February 1, 2023.

High Speed ​​Rail and CPK

The government wants to launch a super airport and the first HSR priority lines: Warsaw – CPK – لودód – Wroclaw / Pozna by 2027 at the latest. The maximum cost of the construction of the central communications port is 8 billion euros – the estimated “Puls Biznesu”.

Ultimately, the port is set to have three parallel runways and an infrastructure of approximately 450,000 square metres. Air operations per year. Its area is 3.9 thousand square meters. Hectare. The terminal building will be adapted to accommodate 65 million passengers annually. HSC lines – apart from Szczecin – ensure that it will be possible to access the CPK from anywhere within a maximum of 2.5 hours.

Jacek Lucek, journalist at

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