February 4, 2023

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“There must be life.” An essential building block for life has been discovered next to Saturn

Phosphorus is rarely found in water on Earth because it reacts with cations (such as calcium). Then calcium phosphate is formed. Meanwhile, on Enceladus, the subsurface ocean is rich in sodium bicarbonate. This means that phosphorus in such an environment can accumulate and promote the flourishing of biological life. Research has shown that Phosphorus may have appeared on Saturn’s moon by carbonaceous meteorites Chondrites.

Of course, let’s not expect to discover creatures similar to us in appearance and level of technology. Almost 100 percent will be simple organismsthat inhabited our planet once conditions were created to maintain biological life on it. This is roughly what the moons of Jupiter and Saturn look like, including this one Europa, Enceladus, Ganymede and Titan. The first three contain subterranean oceans filled with liquid water, while Titan has seas of hydrocarbons. There may be life that is completely alien to us.

NASA wants to send a swarm of SWIM robots to Enceladus and Europawhose mission will be to explore their subterranean oceans. First, the probe would land on the surface, which would deploy the probe in the right place, and the melting probe, using heat from its nuclear battery, would tunnel through the ice into the subterranean ocean.

Once in it, it will be released there A swarm of 50 botsthat will explore the waters in search of life forms. Each is about 12 cm long and is equipped with its own motor, on-board computer, ultrasonic communication and a set of sensors for measuring temperature, pressure and chemical composition.

NASA plans to send the Europa Clipper mission to explore Jupiter’s icy moons On October 10, 2024. The probe will be launched into space using a Falcon Heavy rocket from SpaceX. The study of icy globes is expected to begin around 2030. Meanwhile, the agency also wants to send a mission directly to Enceladus itself. It is scheduled to be called Orbilander and could launch in 2030. The orbiter is expected to reach the Moon in 2050.

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