The vehicle must be equipped with this. A new obligation for drivers?

A spokesman for the Automobile Transport Institute said that “black boxes” Its purpose is to record driving parameters and accident circumstances. This is to help determine the causes and course of accidents.

“From Sunday, all newly registered passenger cars and delivery vans weighing up to 3.5 tonnes must be equipped with so-called Black boxes“In accordance with the regulations of the European Parliament and the Council (EU),” Krupinski said, adding that The mandatory installation of these devices on buses and trucks weighing more than 3.5 tons will come into force on January 7, 2026.

The devices we are talking about are Event Data Recorders (EDRs). Their purpose is to Helps In explaining the causes of accidents. The devices will record trip data, and in the event of an accident, will permanently store five seconds before and after the road accident. The ITS spokesperson noted that only authorised people can access them – emergency services, investigators, road safety experts, vehicle manufacturers and repair shops.

In the evaluation police Requiring new vehicles to be equipped with Event Data Recorders (EDRs) could improve road safety.

Police officers at the scene of a road accident carry out a number of activities, including examining the scene, examining Vehicles“However, the data obtained from these recorders will certainly allow a more accurate determination of the causes of accidents,” said Antoni Rzekowski from the Road Traffic Office of the Police Headquarters.

He added that Thanks to the recorders, experts can obtain information about the driver’s behavior and conduct. trolley A few seconds before the eventHe pointed out that the readings from the recorder will be taken by an expert at the request of the Public Prosecutor.

As reported by the Institute of Motor Transport, the so-called Black boxes They will monitor and record various parameters, including: longitudinal and lateral acceleration, vehicle roll, brake system pressure, steering wheel angle, engine speed, gearbox operation mode, throttle open or closed degree, driving speed and torque. The operation of safety systems such as airbags, seat belts and belt tensioners will also be recorded.

“EDRs can play a key role in many situations. In the case of fatal accidents when there are no witnesses, they can provide essential information about the course of the event. They can also serve as evidence in court when there is a dispute about the cause,” said Krupinski. “The analysis of EDR data is also important for developing new safety systems and training drivers, which can lead to improved habits.”

According to EU regulations, Vehicle manufacturers must ensure that data from EDRs is tamper-proof and anonymous.The information must be available in a machine-readable form, without the possibility of identifying the individual. Manufacturers must also provide the technical data and diagnostic tools necessary to obtain and interpret EDR data. This data must be available through standard interfaces and appropriately protected against unauthorized access. The European Commission is also introducing standardized communication protocols to facilitate access to information from EDRs.

According to ITS experts, the generalization of EDR is an important step towards improving safety. Thanks to the devices, it will be possible to provide more effective preventive measures, which will contribute to reducing the number of road accidents and improving the safety of all road users (PAP).

Author: Marcin Chomiuk


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