Tonight over Poland there will be an opportunity to see the Northern Lights – said the Space Research Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN). They will be responsible for the flares that occurred a few days ago on the sun. How do you prepare to monitor this phenomenon? – The best thing you can do is stay alert and prepared in the field, – advises astronomy promoter Karol Wójcicki.
On Sunday, the Space Research Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences announced on social media that the aurora borealis may appear over the northern regions of Poland during the night from Sunday to Monday.
As reported, on May 3 there were several solar flares on the sun. The plasma that will reach Earth on Sunday will cause a G3 geomagnetic storm on the night of May 7-8.
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“Will there be northern lights? There’s a good chance of that.”
“Be vigil today!” – writes Karol Wójcicki, famous astronomer, author of the blog “With the head in the stars” on the Facebook profile.
“For the past few days, the sun has been dropping like crazy with several M-class flares, and here’s the result: NOAA has upgraded its magnetic storm forecast today from G2 to G3 – and it’s intense!” Wojcicki explained. “Will there be northern lights? There’s a good chance of that. Will it be as spectacular as last time? As always, it’s hard to tell. The best thing you can do is stay alert and be ready in the field” – he added.
A few weeks ago in Poland you could witness a particularly stunning Northern Lights.
How are the aurora borealis formed?
The aurora borealis is a light phenomenon that occurs mainly near the north and south poles. The scientific name for the aurora borealis is Northern Lights within the Arctic and Northern Lights near the South Pole, in honor of the Roman goddess of dawn (Aurora).
This phenomenon occurs when gas particles emitted by the sun hit the Earth’s upper atmosphere at high speeds (up to 72 million kilometers per hour), but our planet’s magnetic field protects us from this “attack”. Our planet’s magnetic field redirects particles toward the north and south poles, and particles interact with gases in our atmosphere. This is how a wonderful atmospheric phenomenon is created – the aurora borealis.
With a bit of luck, the Northern Lights can also be seen in Poland, especially on the Baltic Sea. If the magnetic storm is strong enough to get a Kp factor of 7 over Scandinavia, you may be able to see brief flashes of light in our sky. The KP coefficient is also known as the KP scale or the KP planetary index. It describes how far the northern lights occur, so the greater the range, the higher the chances of seeing the aurora borealis. KP0 or 1 is the lowest, it can only be seen near the pole.
This is how the northern lights observed in January in Rewa looked like:
CBK PAN, Head of Stars, tvnmeteo.pl
Main image source: Shutterstock | Illustrative image
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