This is the premise of the authors of the publication that hit the pages Nature Reviews Chemistry. The team, led by scientists from the University of Surrey, argues that the main problem with operating perovskite solar cells is their low stability. Or high volatility whatever.
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More precisely, it is about installing the so-called. Light phases, that is, the part of matter responsible for converting light energy into electricity. There are things that are of particular interest from the point of view of the lifespan of perovskite solar cells that can happen. Without its extension, it would be difficult to expect such modules to conquer the world of photovoltaics for much longer.
Without photovoltaic stability, the revolution will be dead, as damage will occur over time and the solar cell will not be able to generate electricity efficiently. By stabilizing this aspect, engineers associated with photovoltaic technologies can significantly improve the robustness and efficiency of perovskite modules.
Perovskites can be a tempting alternative to silicon, but they need more stability to jump to the lead.
According to Xueping Liu, who led the research on the matter, perovskite solar cells are not yet as reliable as those used traditionally. While they are more efficient at converting sunlight into electricity, understanding why they are not stable will be key to making them more reliable. Next, scientists will need to find a way to control how they are made to delay deterioration over the years.
This research should lead to a better understanding of the stability of cells and how their design can be improved. In the long term, this should translate to perovskites being used on a much larger scale than it is now. This will benefit both society and the natural environment, which are in dire need of reducing greenhouse gas emissions that exacerbate climate change. In the end, as humanity, we all play for the same goal. Especially if we care about the future of the next generations.
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The scientific community will need to work to overcome the bottleneck for the stability of perovskite materials. A review of the scientific mechanisms of phase instability and the search for opportunities from light harvesting materials will likely lead to the development of the next generation of perovskite photovoltaic panels.
explains Wei Zhang from the University of Surrey
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