February 1, 2023

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„Smok Wawelski” i lisowicia w Muzeum Ewolucji w Warszawie (fot. portal TVP Info)

List and habits of Polish dinosaurs. Conversation with paleontologist prof. Thomas Soulig

tvp.info portal spoke to prof. Tomasz Solij – paleontologist and one of the discoverers of Wawel Dragon and Lesovicia. The entire world has heard about the discovery by Polish scientists, and now thanks to the support of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, we can all experience an “encounter” with creatures from several hundred million years ago.

– We have known for a long time that Poland is not a fossil desert. The finds occurred in the 19th century near Kraków, but when it came to vertebrates from the Mesozoic Era, there seemed to be no chance of finding anything – said the professor. solig. He noted that this changed thanks to the discoveries he made with Prof. Jerzy Dzek and Dr. Grzegorz Niedźwiedzki.

The scientist explained that at present there are no prospects for further great finds in Lesovets, but there are still many specimens found in this place to be examined.

He is “currently working on a shark tooth,” the paleontologist told tvp.info. We learned that too In the near future, a monograph on lisowicia and ‘dragons’ will be created.



Discovery of a breakthrough by the Poles. The largest mammal-like reptile lived in Silesia

Polish researchers report in the publication that the largest known mammal-like reptile, Lisiowicia bojani, lived in Silesia about 210 million years ago.

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Ecology and list of Silesian dinosaurs

When asked about the environment in which the Silesian dinosaurs lived, the professor explained that during the excavations, well-preserved plant remains were collected. “Thanks to this, we know that in these areas there were mainly coniferous shrubs and trees, resembling, for example, modern thujas,” the paleontologist said.

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“There was a swamp, a river, and a rainbow lake all around. Thanks to this oxbow lake, our excavations are in good shape. The oxbow lake mud has preserved these specimens,” the scientist explained.

The professor also introduced the eating habits of Lesucia and the “dragon”. Lisowicia, like mammals like reptiles, eat plants. However, the remains in their feces are quite ground up, so it’s impossible to pinpoint the specific plants that make up the list.

However, we know for sure what the “dragon” ate. He lived on foxes – said the professor. solig. As he explained, during the excavations, fox bones with tooth marks were found.

– When it comes to other animals, we also had a typical dinosaur here – a representative of the movie Hollow. Many animals swim in the waters as well. Sharks, and on the border of water and land there were cyclotosaurus and plagiosaurus – said the paleontologist.

The professor emphasized that these animals lived in all lands at that time, but in Silesia, “these sediments hang shallow and are accessible to paleontologists.” As he pointed out, the good conditions and the fact that a brick factory operated in this place were conducive to work and discoveries.



Dragon, woe and his victim. An unusual exhibition in the Palace of Culture and Science about a Polish dinosaur

The history of the Wawel Dragon, a dinosaur or reptile of the crocodile line, was revived several hundred thousand years later, when …

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Passion from an early age

The scientist also shared the story of discovering his passion for fossils.

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– In the 1980s, I was on a primary school class trip to the zoo, where there was a booth, and there were two dinosaur statues in the booth, and then I bought one. Then I read hard-to-find writing material. In college, she met Professor Dzek W This passion developed further and continues to this day says the paleontologist.

Professor Solig said that the discovery and its subsequent publication in the prestigious “Science” magazine were a great joy for him and his colleagues.

– The article in “Science” and the fox on the cover were an incredible joy for us, but we are even happier thanks to the exhibition at the Museum of Evolution. Thanks to the support of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage and the participation of Minister Piotr Gliński, we can watch visitors experiencing similar joy – said the prof. solig.

Professor Tomasz Solij was born in 1974 in Warsaw. In 1998 he received a master’s degree in biology at the University of Warsaw, then in 2006 he defended his doctorate at the Institute of Paleontology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and in 2014 he obtained a habilitation in the field of biological sciences.

In 2006, Polish scientists – Tomas Solij and Grigors Nidowidski made an unusual discovery. In the area where clay was mined for the production of bricks in Lesovica, they found the first fossils – samples of two hundred million years. Over several years of work, scientists have excavated about 2,000 plant and animal fossils. This was the first such find in our country, and a small town in Silesia became a window into the last Triassic period.

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The exhibition “The Wawel Dragon and its prey – the largest mammal-like fox reptile” will be a permanent part of the Museum of Evolution exhibition at the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw. Visitors, thanks to a special device, have the opportunity to see not only the skeleton of the “dragon”. By clicking on the specific points on the body of the interactive dinosaur, you can learn about its appearance.




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# dinosaur


#prof. Thomas Soulig


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