Research indicates that most people lie to avoid embarrassment, judgment, or punishment, or to gain some advantage
Humans are not very good at spotting a lie
The researchers analyzed the way people who resorted to deception spoke. They drew attention to three signs that might indicate lying
It is noteworthy for example of pauses in speech (interjections such as eeeee, yyyyy)
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The lie is not invisible
All people are capable of lying. And a lot of them do (we’re not talking pathological lying here). For some, cheating is a way to avoid shame or punishment. Others want to present themselves well, impress others, or get some kind of reward. There are also people who lie for no particular reason, and some even enjoy it. Sometimes people choose to lie not to reveal important information or even to protect others.
Whatever the reasons, one thing is for sure – no one wants to cheat. Unfortunately, many people do not realize that they are falling prey to lies. Because we really don’t feel comfortable when someone lies to us. However, this does not mean that we are powerless. It turns out that deception is not subtle, and a liar can be betrayed by the way he speaks. Scientists have been studying this issue for a long time. as it turned out? Sociolinguist Dr. Valerie Friedland talks about what deception language might look like in psychology today. Three critical signals.
The rest of the text is below the video.
1. How do you spot a cheater? Eeeee, yyyyy, and other separators
Known entries as eeeee and yyyyy are professionally referred to as the so-called. Filled pauses (sound pauses that we resort to during speech). We tend to use them spontaneously, for example when describing something new. “But when people practice what they’re going to say, they tend to say less,” notes Dr. Friedland, adding, “So if we assume the cheater has ‘practiced’ the lie before he says it, we should expect to see fewer filled pauses.” On the contrary, there should be more of them in untrained speech. However, it is much more complicated.
The expert notes that “because flattering pauses are often seen as a signal that someone is unsure of what to say, liars may also try to hold it back ‘yyyyyyy or eeeeeee’ so they don’t seem indecisive.” On the other hand, the burden of having to Being more in control of cheating behavior (so everything is “consistent” – ed.), may encourage scenes like this to be used more often. What does all this mean?
– (…) It seems that people use fewer pauses when they lie than they do when they tell the truth. Supposedly, “training” a lie before telling it reduces the likelihood of it showing signs of indecision, says Valerie M. Friedland. However, this difference is often very subtle, in and of itself not a very reliable guide to detecting fraud.
2. How do you spot a cheater? “Say less will hide more”
The researchers hypothesize that because deception does not reflect real experiences, the liar will not talk about them in detail or at great length. “In short, saying less conceals more,” notes the researcher. So the general conclusion is that cheaters use fewer words than those who tell the truth. But there is something else.
3. How do scammers choose their words?
Not only do liars seem to use fewer words in general, but they also have less variety. Researchers speculate that this has to do with the pressure on working memory and the increased cognitive load when cheating — you have to tell a false story and hide the truth at the same time.
It is also believed that people who are false in their statements use the first person more often (I, me) and less often use the third person (he, they), which likely helps them build emotional distance from the false story they are telling.
While studies of the linguistic signs of deception have revealed some features that appear to be associated with lying, most are subtle, and research findings on individual cues have not been consistent enough to ensure that lying is reliably detected.
Let us also remember that until we begin to think about exposing a liar, we must take care of the most basic thing: knowing how that person behaves when telling the truth.
Professor of Linguistics at the University of Nevada. She is an expert on the relationship between language and society, and her work has appeared in many scholarly and popular journals, including Psychology Today.
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