Borscht Sosnovsky is one of the most dangerous plants for humans and harmful to nature, according to Professor B. Dominic Kubio. The species that occurs throughout Poland on hot days can cause skin burns or other ailments, even without direct contact with them.
Showdown with incl growing. In meadows, fields, roads as well as in gardens, parks or forests, Borscht Sosnowski during holiday trips can be very distressing. Contact with a pungent plant, especially on hot days, causes second and third-degree burns, as well as nausea, vomiting, headache, and conjunctivitis.
– It is one of the most dangerous plants for humans in Poland. Direct physical contact is the most dangerous. Damage to plant tissues and the release of furanocoumarins on contact with the body in the presence of sunlight leads to burns that are difficult to heal. I figured it out the hard way when I was walking around the Caucasus three years ago, I rubbed my feet with it. The result was burns and wounds that are difficult to heal. Fortunately, the wound area was small – a. Dominic Kubiu From the Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz (UŁ).
He added that on hot days, skin burns can occur even without physical contact with this species, because at high temperatures, dangerous compounds are released from the plant in the form of essential oil fumes. Being around, it can cause skin redness, blisters, and inflammation.
It was from the Caucasus – as the biologist pointed out – Borscht Sosnowski arrived in Poland in the middle of the last century. Initially, due to its large and rapid gains, it was cultivated as a forage plant, and a source of cheap fodder for livestock. Therefore, it was widely introduced for cultivation on state farms. Over time, its flaws became apparent. The smell of coumarin smells from the meat and milk of cows feeding on borsch. Borsch infected cows’ udders, and consumption of green fodder caused intestinal burns, internal bleeding and diarrhea.
– That is why it is still found in large numbers on former state-owned farms. You can meet him often in Podkarpacie district. Other frequently occurring areas are Warmia, Massuria and Western Pomerania. However, the plant can be found throughout Poland, although in other parts of the country it does not occupy such large areas. Likes high humidity, so it is found in river valleys, swampy areas, meadows, forest roofs, wastelands – The professor explained. soot.
The biologist emphasized that it is easy to identify Borscht Sosnowski, incl. Due to its large size, it can reach 3-4 meters in height. – Crossing such a giant plant should increase our caution. It also has a tree of white flowers. However, if we see Borcht Sosnowski, we don’t need to run away anxiously. However, you should be aware that, especially on a warm and hot day, you should avoid approaching it, but avoid it and walk away. Definitely don’t touch or pluck – confirmed.
He noted that Borcht Sosnovsky has no functional properties. In addition, they are very invasive and have great reproductive capabilities. One copy can produce up to 40 thousand. Seeds, which are theoretically enough to sow up to 200 hectares.
– It spreads very quickly and is beyond human control, which is also not good for nature. It is threatened as an alien species that is displacing our original species. Due to its rapid spread, it begins to dominate and takes its place in natural environments, which in turn leads to the extinction of native plants and ecosystems, which may be valuable and protected – argued the scientist from the Department of Biogeography, Paleobiology and Nature Conservation.
He added that the inhabitants of Borcht Sosnowski should be fought, although – as he admitted – a very complex and long-standing task. As he explained, this can be done by chemical and mechanical means by cutting and damaging root petioles or by digging out entire individuals.
– Occurrence maps of these species are generated, incl. Based on satellite and aerial images. This shows the scale of the problem and motivates the municipalities who have to somehow take responsibility and start fighting this factory – The professor explained. soot. (PAP)
A map of the appearance of Sosnovsky’s borsch can be found at: mapa.barszcz.edu.pl. Currently, there are several specific sites out there in the Inowrocław District.
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