Can artificial intelligence come up with something?

Nearly 200 years ago, Victorian mathematician Ada Lovelace wrote what is commonly seen today as a computer program as the beginning of computer science. At the time, I wondered where the limits of analytical machines (precursors to computers) were.

Can a machine “invent” something?

Already at that time Lovelace stated something that in the following years was the norm for people dealing with the mechanisms of analysis. Computers do what we ask them to do and nothing moreThey do not have the will to act. They can follow the analysis and share with us the findings from the input we give them. This claim hangs over the entire field of artificial intelligence, although there are those who have sought to disprove it. Alan Turing wrote what we might consider the world’s first scientific article on artificial intelligence in the 1950’s (and who remembers now Turing test This is correct). It questions Lovelace’s theses about the lack of creativity in computers, or rather makes us wonder what this is. creativity really is.

Are you, the reader, sure that your “original work” was not just a processing of previously received data? Didn’t you use the common rules available to create something new from something known? Well, modern AI does exactly the same.

Or maybe the point is that a machine can’t in any way Surprise? He cannot create something that would have an effect on us Fabulous or something unexpected. I don’t know about you, but AI regularly surprises me, as if I were a Polish road worker at the beginning of December. Will machines become like people? There might be something, as even the Pope himself has spoken about the development of artificial intelligence.

Things created by artificial intelligence

The question of whether machines can invent things has been on the agenda for some time in courts around the world. The issue is at least controversial, you can recall the case of an AI-generated image that won an artist contest. Everything gets more complicated when we take inventions instead of art.

Stephen Thaler, co-founder of Scentient.ai, has filed patent applications (for artificial intelligence) for two inventions in which the neural network is the sole inventor. Applications have been denied in every jurisdiction on the grounds that the law interprets the “inventor” as a human only, but no event has challenged that an AI has “invented” something. This issue is covered in the new issue of Nature Machine Intelligence. There are also things worth noting that may not have been completely invented by the neural network, but there are many inventions in which artificial intelligence has played an important role.

  • 3D Circles – A series of innovative 3D circuits invented in the 1980s by artificial intelligence researcher Douglas Lenat in collaboration with Eurisko Computer.
  • Weird Antennas – In the 1990s, John Cozza used an algorithm simulating Darwinian evolution to create a curved paperclip-like antenna. The design proved so well that it became a standard for NASA’s ST5 spacecraft.
  • Oral-B CrossAction Toothbrush – Invented by the aforementioned Stephen Thaler during a brainstorming session with a neural network in 1998.
  • The Best Antibiotics – Recently, researchers at MIT used a deep neural network to extract helicein, an extremely powerful new antibiotic compound. Where did the label come from? Remember the HAL computer from A Space Odyssey?

So does artificial intelligence “invent” or help invent?

The idea of ​​it being a neural network invent things It’s simple. We define a specific knowledge area for the program, and you explore it by presenting us the results. The results can be very numerous and narrowing them down to a group of the most promising can be quite a challenge. For example, this could be space All possible ways to bend a simple antenna, Our subsequent work is to select from the results that will provide the antenna with the best electromagnetic characteristics.

It seems that just as artificial intelligence is changing many aspects of our lives, change is also affecting the way we invent. Artistic and artistic creation will need a new form of intellectual property that can protect inventions created with the help of artificial intelligence. Or maybe the world goes the way suggested by Elon Musk, who doesn’t care about patents.

Sources; Nature, technology.org

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