October 7, 2022

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An unusual archaeological discovery was made in Kolbusova.  Leszek Crodes: That's a feeling!  - Kolbusova

An unusual archaeological discovery was made in Kolbusova. Leszek Crodes: That’s a feeling! – Kolbusova

– I think that’s kind of a sense, because if we could pick up this piece, we would have, for example, the oldest piece – here in Kolbusova – the oldest dated piece of a building, and the foundation in this case – said Leszek Kruides, an archaeologist from Kolbusova. , in an interview with us.

| Camille Zubczyk’s photo

The discovery was made in the second week of March by workers who conducted construction work in the Mujahideen. Tadeusz Kościuszko (on National Road No. 9) in the building of the Museum of Folk Culture in Kolbusova. The excavator unveiled part of the previous foundation. The place was under archaeological supervision.

Leszek Crodis, a well-known archaeologist from the city of the Nile, told us about the unusual find, who also participated in the excavations of that place.

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17th century tile stove

The archaeologist told us that antique stove tiles were also found near the exposed foundation.

– We found several dozen shards of fireplace tiles on the wall. These are small slab tiles that can be traced back to the first half of the 17th century. It is currently drying. It is a long-term process that I would describe as a preliminary procedure for preservation. In addition, you are more likely to have to remove the salts from some tiles that have accumulated during a long stay in the ground – Croudes adds.

The archaeologist confirmed that around the middle of the 17th century, on the place where the Kolbusova Museum is now located, extensive work was carried out, including on the construction of outbuildings. This is due to various kinds of economic notes and notes left by the Lubomirski family. – Perhaps these foundations, this foundation, are the remains of one of them, mentioned in these notes – he added.

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– this is exactly where an outbuilding, the first description of which probably dates back to 1803, is a protection zone for protection and you should look at every stone and brick, and nothing should be overlooked or neglected – our interviewer noted.

Detailed analysis is required

As the archaeologist from Kolbuszowa explains, the accompanying materials are necessary for the expenditure of the tiles. In this case, a thorough investigation is required.

These tiles are likely to be analyzed based on their size, decoration and glaze color. It will be necessary to refer to the professional literature. I also do not exclude consultation with contemporary tiling experts, but in my opinion, the idea on these tiles and the method of their implementation will refer to the seventeenth century – he added.

The construction of the wall also refers to the Baroque era. However, as archaeologist Kolbuszów points out, this has not yet been confirmed.

– Looking at the western appearance with a stone wall, it is easy to see the thread of the wall. The rows of stones were lined with brick rubble, which formed a separate layer, but also filled the spaces between the stones. The stones are pebbles, irregular field stones. that were pulled from neighboring fields. After the layer of stones there is a layer of brick debris, sometimes half or a quarter of a brick appears, then a row of stones again – he explains.

– I know this way of building the wall from the Baroque era. This can also be indicated by the dimensions of several bricks. However, these are only preliminary assumptions – they were summarized by Crodis.

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The excavated part of the foundation. Kamil Zubjic’s photo

Archaeologist Leszek Krudish: That’s a feeling!

The archaeologist clearly said that these are Kolbusova gems. As he says in our interview, fortunately the staff and the person operating the excavator were careful enough and the wall was not damaged. It was also possible to slightly move the trench line, thanks to which it was possible to save this part, and it is assumed that it will be possible to capture the continuation of the foundation.

– I think that’s kind of a sense, because if we could pick up this piece, we would have, for example, the oldest – here in Kolbusova – the oldest dated thread of the building, the foundation in this case – he explains.

Crodis noted that it would be useful to know the width of this foundation. Anyway, it’s not that simple. As he explains, the principle of archaeological supervision is that only what can be captured in the stabilization trench can be documented.

Is it possible to dig the entire foundation?

Is it possible to fully discover the basis? We also asked the archaeologist Kolbusov about this. As he explains, discovering the entire basis is unlikely, because a thorough search would cost prohibitively.

– You have to take into account the destruction of a large part of the historical material during previous renovations and the installation of underground infrastructure. Crodis adds that costly measures will not necessarily produce a satisfactory effect.

– Perhaps it is sufficient to check the extent of the exposed foundation and the length of its existence. Ideally, you should pick up the corner. Then we will learn more about the construction of the wall and the size of the building that was located here – he indicated.

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Historic rediscovery after nearly 30 years

As it turned out, this is not the first discovery of this kind in Kolbusova. In 1994, part of the room was found on the other side of the outbuilding. This year’s discovery corresponds chronologically to the discovery made 28 years ago.

– In 1994 the museum staff conducted a research. On the other side of the current outbuilding, an archaeologist from the local museum – Wojciech Dragan – has unveiled a part of the room, made of brick and stone, from which materials, especially ceramics, were extracted from the 17th century, Leszek said. Crody’s.

Those discoveries were displayed at that time in the synagogue. The porcelain was very carefully lined and partially reconstructed.