September 26, 2022

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A wonderful find inside the Earth.  The researchers' new findings

A wonderful find inside the Earth. The researchers’ new findings

The interior of the Earth’s core may not be a liquid or a solid. Researchers from the Institute of Geochemistry of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGCAS) have developed a new model of the interior of our planet. This discovery completely surprised them, and they admitted it was “unnatural.” For this purpose, they used the record of seismic waves coming from earthquakes. It turns out that in the inner part of the nucleus is called a super-ionic state with hydrogen, oxygen and carbon. It’s an entirely new state of matter—next to solids, liquids, and gases—but with distinct differences. For example, in super-ionized water recently made in the lab, the extremely high temperature and pressure crack every water molecule, leaving the oxygen ions as a solid, while the hydrogen ions are like a liquid. Researchers realized that the inner core could not be just solid iron or an iron alloy, as was thought in the 1930s, due to its structure. Some scientists think there may be a second inner core. They announced that this is not the end of the search to unravel the mystery of the structure, which stretches 1,220 kilometers and is located under the Earth’s crust – between a thick mantle and a liquid inner core.

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