A red circle appeared in the sky.  I managed to photograph it

And although such a sight existed only for a split second, it was still easy to get the impression that aliens had arrived on Earth or that the end of the world had just begun. Fortunately, science provides an explanation for this phenomenon. It is about the so-called ELVES, which are short for Light emission and very low frequency disturbances due to electromagnetic pulse sources.

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These circles can be up to 400 km in diameter and appear in the ionosphere at an altitude of about 100 km. The short period of its duration makes it necessary to have a lot of luck and skill to photograph it.

The red circle is an example of a phenomenon known as ELVES. These objects can be several hundred kilometers in diameter

In this case, we are talking about a phenomenon that occurred over northern Italy and the Adriatic Sea. ELVES form when atmospheric nitrogen is galvanized by an electrical discharge. The first observations of this phenomenon date back to 1990, when the crew of the space shuttle Discovery discovered one of these circles. Interestingly, unlike the aurora borealis, ELVES are not caused by the activity of our star.

Binotto took the photo on March 27 while in Possagno, northern Italy. Although it may appear that the red object was small, it was actually several hundred kilometers across. Thus, it not only covered the area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe city, but also reached the waters of the Adriatic Sea. You see, perspective played an important and confusing role in this case.

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According to the author of the photo, the direct cause of the circuit was a lightning strike caused by a strong storm near Ancona, a city about 280 kilometers from Posagno. This bolt would have been ten times more powerful than normal, causing an electric shock wave that traveled all the way into the ionosphere. There, the charged particles excited the nitrogen atoms, giving off a reddish glow. The scientific explanation, although it is a little less interesting than the scenario in which representatives of an alien civilization visit Earth, shows how many mysteries our planet still has before us.

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