NASA scientists did just that Amazing discovery on the moon. Images and data from the American Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) allowed to spot holes in the surface there, which are portals to underground caves. And there would be nothing unusual in it, because information about it appeared even on the Apollo missions 50 years ago, if not for the fact that we know about it now There are ground temperatures.
This is the news that the astronomer has been waiting for for a very long time. Scientists are happy to report that these caves could provide a thermally stable place for lunar exploration. Research shows that it reigns there day and night Constant temperature at about 17°C. Meanwhile, the surface of the moon itself warms up to 127 degrees during the day and cools to minus 173 degrees Celsius at night. This is a huge difference.
In addition to human-friendly thermal conditions, holes and caves form Protection from cosmic radiation and small solar meteorites. “Lunar holes are a wonderful feature on the surface of the moon,” said Noah Petro, LRO project scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt. He added that knowing that they create a stable thermal environment helps us paint a picture of these unique features of the moon and the possibility of one day exploring them.
Scientists explain that these Lava tubes formed holes. Interestingly, they were also discovered on Earth. They form when molten lava flows under a cooling lava field or crust forms over a river of lava, leaving a long, empty tunnel. If the solid lava roof collapses, a crater will open, which could lead to the rest of the cave-like tube.
Astronomers joke that Humanity began to colonize Living in caves all over the earth, now we will colonize the moon in the same way. “Humans evolved by living in caves, and we can go back to caves when we live on the moon,” said David Page, co-author of the Silver Globe hole study.
NASA plans to return humans to the moon in 2025. The first colony may form in pits or caves where groundwater ice is exposed. It will be able to use it not only as a source of water and oxygen, but also as fuel for missiles and vehicles.
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